Tag Archives: Nepotism
… towards acquiring the confidence of the people the very first measure is to satisfy them of his disinterestedness, & that he is directing their affairs with a single eye to their good, & not to build up fortunes for himself & family: & especially that the officers appointed to transact their business, are appointed because they are the fittest men, not because they are his relations. so prone are they to suspicion that where a President appoints a relation of his own, however worthy, they will believe that favor, & not merit, was the motive. I therefore laid it down as a law of conduct for myself never to give an appointment to a relation…
To John Garland Jefferson, January 25, 1810
Patrick Lee’s Explanation
Leaders sometimes have to disappoint members of their own family.
In 1801, J. G. Jefferson wrote to his cousin, the new President, seeking a job with the federal government. He explained that his name (and family connection!) should not be a disqualification. J.G. sent that unsealed letter to his brother, George, asking him to forward it to the President. George read his brother’s letter and included one of his own to their famous cousin, highly critical of his brother for even making the request.
President Jefferson replied to cousin George, commending him for his reasoning for not appointing his brother to a position. He did not reply to cousin J.G., who took offense at his brother’s interference, offense at the President’s approval of his brother’s reasoning and offense at not receiving an appointment. There the matter lay for eight years.
In late 1809, J.G. again wrote the now retired cousin-President, wanting to clear the air, explaining his 1801 position and admitting his anger. (To his credit, J.G. did not pursue the matter during his famous relative’s administration, lest it harm the latter’s reputation.) Thomas Jefferson replied in this letter, saying his difficult choice had nothing to do with J.G.’s qualifications and everything to do with public perception. Some would assert the only reason the younger man got the job was because of family connections. The President would not weaken his standing with the people unnecessarily, and J.G. was an innocent victim of that policy.
In 1801, both George Jefferson in his letter and Thomas Jefferson in his reply cited the examples of the first two Presidents. Washington refused to appoint relatives and was widely praised for it. Adams did appoint relatives and paid a high price in public opinion.
“I want to thank you for once again bringing your magic time machine
to [our] annual conference.
Our city officials were mesmerized by your performance …”
Executive Director, Missouri Municipal League
Mr. Jefferson delights to travel through time and amaze your audience.
Invite him to speak. Call 573-657-2739
the public will never be made to believe that an appointment of a relative is made on the ground of merit alone, uninfluenced by family views. nor can they … see with approbation [approval] offices, the disposal of which they entrust to their president for public purposes, divided out as family property … but the public good which cannot be effected [accomplished] if it’s confidence is lost, requires this sacrifice.
To George Jefferson, March 27, 1801
Patrick Lee’s Explanation
Wise leaders sacrifice personal preferences to preserve the public trust.
George Jefferson, at his brother’s request, had written to their cousin, the new President, about a job the brother was seeking through his family connection. George’s letter was convoluted, but it appears he wrote out of regard for his brother, but the same time, out of regard for his cousin, suggested the President not award the position. George cited President Washington’s admirable example of never appointing a relative to a job and the damage President Adams did to his reputation by not following suit.
The President concurred and repeated the examples of the previous Chief Executives. Even if a relative was the best qualified, the public would not believe that. It was important to retain the public’s good will. If he lost their confidence, he could no longer accomplish any good on their behalf. He would make whatever sacrifices necessary to maintain that good will.